Dilatation, the French "dilatation" derived from the word and opening in the physical sense, in the sense of Turkish history expansion. which is closely related with dilatation of the laws of physics, it is also used in the construction field as well as medicine and physics. Dilatation of the construction area dilatation joint or it is known as construction joints.
Expansion joints of What?
Dilatation ofLarge scale and floor structures in the geometrical shapes from the standard better fit and vibration is the process that is less affected by factors such as the temperature. This action on the ground in order to prevent damage to the entire structure is performed by segmenting the structure of a predetermined length and width.
residential construction joint structure applied are divided into several parts and thereby ensuring the formation of a plurality of blocks. This process can be applied on the entire structure may be performed only in the specific area.
So, what is the purpose of implementation of construction joints? Reinforced concrete structures are designed to be constructed in one piece though, although it is inevitable effects of extensive exposure to various physical and geometrical buildings from a high angle. Construction joints, construction is done to protect the physical effects and dangers of those mentioned. In this way, structures are dissected and the effect is being discouraged to act on another part.
Expansion joints of Types
Construction joint, according to their purpose is divided into multiple sub-titles. These structures during an earthquake to prevent the collision, to reduce the effect of heat construction, to reduce the effects of the underlying structures of different seating and the resulting heat, vibration and sound is to collect in certain areas.
Deprem derzi, düşey ve yatay şekilde gerçekleşen yeryüzü hareketlerinin etkilerini en aza indirmek ve büyük hasarların önüne geçmek için uygulanmaktadır. Deprem derzi sayesinde inşaatın zemininde gerçekleşme ihtimali olan farklı oturma durumu ve sıcaklığın etkileri en aza indirilmektedir.
Hareket derzi, betonarme yapıdaki köprü gibi yapıların içerisinde gerçekleşebilecek iç gerilmelerin meydana getirebileceği ayrılma, çatlama gibi olayların önüne geçmeyi amaçlamaktadır.
Titreşim derzi, adından da anlaşılabileceği üzere yapılarda meydana gelebilecek titreşimlerin sonuçlarını engellemek için uygulanmaktadır. Titreşim derzi, genellikle sanayi bölgelerinde yüksek titreşim ile çalışan makinelerin bulunduğu kısımlara uygulanarak titreşimin diğer alanlara yayılması engellenmektedir.